The CAST Scale: A comprehensive assessment of sadistic tendencies
We bring you various psychological questionnaires from time to time. You heard about the GASP scale here (a measure of how prone you are to shame and guilt). Let’s not forget we also told you about the Depravity Scale (when describing specific behaviors, just how creepy, heinous, or depraved are they?). We’ve also shown you items from multiple other “odd” psychological measures but today we are topping them all by introducing the Comprehensive Assessment of Sadistic Tendencies (CAST) Scale. It doesn’t get freakier than this one.
This is a measure from one of the members of Paulhus’ research group. This is the research group that originally identified the “dark triad” of personality characteristics often used to describe those who grow up to be narcissists, psychopaths and Machiavellians. I read this research and I can’t help but to think of bad roommates and ill-advised romances. But there is a range, and one end of the scale gets pretty scary. To wit, sometimes they grow up to be serial killers. Now the members of this fun-loving research group are considering whether “everyday sadism” [which we wrote about earlier] should be added to the three personality characteristics to create a “dark tetrad”. That’s right– there is “everyday sadism”.
We ran across this measure when writing up an earlier blog post on every day sadism which used the VAST Scale (Varieties of Sadistic Tendencies). The CAST is a refinement of the VAST and, as such, we knew you would want to see it. Because when it comes to “everyday sadism”, we know you want to be totally up to date. Here are some sample questions from the measure.
When making fun of someone, it is especially amusing if they realize what I’m doing.
I enjoy physically hurting people.
I have the right to push certain people around.
In video games, I like the realistic blood spurts.
I sometimes replay my favorite scenes from gory slasher films.
In professional car-racing, it’s the accidents that I enjoy most.
There are multiple ways you could use a measure like the CAST. While it is unlikely to be something you can use during voir dire, it may have multiple other uses for your professional and personal life. When you’re interviewing candidates for key positions, you can’t ask questions this weird, but you can allow your radar to keep this spectrum in mind. In some criminal cases, this area of inquiry might be important to explore. And of course, when you are on a first date (or meeting someone your daughter thinks is date-material) it’s all fair game.
The temptations to joke around about this topic are really irresistible, until you think about the people who would agree with those statements. When you hear about people who have compulsive or addictive interest in first-person shooter video games later becoming mass murderers (such as Adam Lanza at the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and Aaron Alexis at the Washington Navy Yard), this sort of “everyday sadism” raises urgent questions. Keep in mind, though, that whatever might be said about players of these violent games, the men involved in these shootings were suffering from paranoid psychoses, not merely a preoccupation with violence.
What this research group tells us is that sadists are everywhere, to one degree or another. Sadists are much more common than we would like to think. They literally walk among us. Now…you have the tool with which to identify them. You’re welcome.
Buckels, E. E., Jones, D. N., & Paulhus, D. L. (2013). Comprehensive Assessment of Sadistic Tendencies (CAST). Unpublished measure, University of British Columbia.
Buckels EE, Jones DN, & Paulhus DL (2013). Behavioral Confirmation of Everyday Sadism. Psychological Science PMID: 24022650